GROUND VERSION RECEIVER/TRANSMITTER
Either the RT-1523/A/B/C/D or the RT-1523E comprise the core component of all ground-based radio sets. The RT-1523 series has internal COMSEC circuits (source of the ICOM designation). The ground versions are equipped with a whisper mode for noise restriction during patrolling or while in defensive positions. The RTO whispers into the handset and is heard at the receiver in a normal voice.
RT-1523A, B, C, D
These radios support internal COMSEC cards. The COMSEC cards are considered to be Controlled Cryptographic Equipment (CCI), and are not allowed to be in civilian hands. Below is an image detailing where the COMSEC card would be installed:
"Unlettered" RT-1523 radios (i.e., plain RT-1523 instead of RT-1523A, RT-1523B, etc.) will function normally in plaintext mode with the COMSEC card removed, and such radios have been available on the surplus market. They will also function normally in single channel mode (i.e., non-frequency-hopping) with the ECCM card removed. However, possession of the ECCM card does not appear to be restricted at this time.
If an RT-1523 radio can be powered up, then it is very easy to determine whether the ECCM and/or COMSEC cards are installed by selecting the self-test mode and watching the display. Near the beginning of the test cycle, the radio will display "E" at the left side of the display if the ECCM (frequency-hopping) card is installed, or "-" if it is removed. At the same time, it will display "C" at the right side of the display if the COMSEC card is installed, or "-" if it is removed.
It is reported that the RT-1523A will not function normally with the COMSEC card removed.
ADVANCED SYSTEM IMPROVEMENT PROGRAM
The SINCGARS ASIP increases the performance of the SINCGARS SIP (RT-1523 C/D models). It also increases its operational capability in support of the tactical Internet, specifically improved data capability, manpower and personnel integration requirement compliance, and flexibility in terms of interfaces with other systems.
All ASIP radios can be physically remoted by another ASIP radio up to 4 km (2.4 miles) away, via a two-wire twisted pair (typically WD-1 or WF-16). To remote a radio, an external two-wire adapter is used as the interface between the radio and the wires. This remote control feature can be performed between the dismounted RT and the VAA, or between two dismounted RTs. Another host controller can control the ASIP radio via the external control interface when the ASIP radio system is integrated as part of a larger system.
Enhanced System Improvement Program Capabilities
The SINCGARS ASIP radio incorporates an ESIP waveform. The waveform includes optimizations to the algorithms of the noisy channel avoidance scheme, the time of day tracking scheme, and the end of message scheme. Enhancements include
- ESIP waveform - implements a faster channel access protocol, which reduces net fragmentation by shortening the collision intervals between voice and data transmissions. The result is the reduction of voice and data contention problems associated with shared voice and data networks.
- Noisy channel avoidance algorithm - always reverts to a known good frequency instead of constantly searching for clear frequencies, thus increasing the FH synchronization probability in high noise and jamming conditions.
- Time of day enhancement - uses a reference BIT that assures time constraints are the same during each transmission.
- End of message enhancement - reduces fade bridging, whereby the transmission would linger even though adding extra end of message hops to increase the detection and probability of synchronization completes the message.